Lebanon’s advantageous geographical location on the edge of the Mediterranean and at the crossroads between Europe and the Middle East has shaped its historical, cultural and political identity. The earliest evidence of civilisation in Lebanon dates back more than 7000 years and the area was a stronghold of the powerful seafaring Phoenicians who founded important coastal trading ports like Tyre, Tripoli and Byblos.
It was inhabited by the Canaanites, a Semitic people, whom the Greeks called "Phoenicians" because of the purple (phoinikies) dye they sold.
Lebanon is a sacred land because of its religious history and many Prophet shrines around the country
The water miracle of Jesus Christ was performed in Cana South Lebanon