The Romans Lebanon


The Romans added Lebanon to its Empire. Economic and intellectual activities flourished in Lebanon during the Pax Roman. The inhabitants of the principal Phoenician cities of Byblos, Sidon and Tyre were granted Roman citizenship.


These cities were centers of the pottery, glass and purple dye industries; their harbors also served as warehouses for products imported from Syria, Persia and India. They exported cedar, perfume, jewelry, wine and fruit to Rome.


Economic prosperity led to a revival in construction and urban development; temples, palaces and the first School of Law in history were built throughout the country, as well as paved roads that linked the cities. Ruins of Roman temples and monuments are found all around Lebanon with the largest in Baalbek.


The Bible states that the first woman who believed in Christianity, became the first convert outside the Jews was a Phoenician woman. From the Northern Phoenician ports Saint Peter left to Rome and built the first church.


After the Roman Empire divided, the economic and intellectual activities continued to flourish in Beirut, Tyre and Sidon for more than a century.











The arch is the entrance to the largest and best-preserved Roman hippodrome in the world. Used for dangerous (and extremely popular) chariot races, the hippodrome is 480 meters long and once seated 20,000 people  Location: Tyre (Arabic Soor) South Lebanon
Ancient Roman columns The temple of Jupiter, Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
Roman Hippodrome 2019 -.jpg
Heliopolis - Temple of Bacchus and the Temple of Jupiter   Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
Temple of Bacchus  Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
Temple of Bacchus interior   Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
Temple of Bacchus interior   Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
In the summer of 2014 the Oriental Department of the German Archaeological Institute conducted excavations in the stone quarry of Baalbek/Ancient Heliopolis, in Lebanon. There lies the famous monolith “Hajjar al-Hibla” (Stone of the Pregnant Woman). Similar stone blocks of a 20m length were used for the podium of the huge Temple of Jupiter in the Roman sanctuary of Baalbek.
This photo by Hidden Inca Tours
Hajjar Al-Hibla” (Stone of the Pregnant Woman)  Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
Hajjar Al-Hibla” (Stone of the Pregnant Woman) Recent excavations reveal cut 1650 ton stone block  Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
The temple of Jupiter Lion head sculpture   Location:  Baalbek Lebanon
The Roman Hippodrome  Location:  Tyre South Lebanon

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